How to Setup Multiple Magento 2 websites/stores with Nginx?

Magento is so flexible that one instance of it can have multiple websites/stores with different languages, domain names, categories, etc.
You can configure the websites, stores, and store views in the Magento Admin. You use the MAGE_RUN_TYPE and MAGE_RUN_CODE variables in entry point scripts(index.php), .htaccess or Nginx configuration files(depending upon the web server you are using) to start the Magento application using these websites or store views.


The code (i.e. MAGE_RUN_CODE and MAGE_RUN_TYPE) checks two environmental variables


and use them to start Magento with the right website/store which can be defined in the Manage Stores section in Admin.

The value of MAGE_RUN_TYPE determines if MAGE_RUN_CODE should be considered the code of a website or a store.

  • If MAGE_RUN_TYPE = ‘website’ is used, MAGE_RUN_CODE should be the code of the website and default store for this website will be loaded in the frontend.
  • If MAGE_RUN_TYPE = ‘store’ is used, MAGE_RUN_CODE should be the code of any store view and that particular store will be loaded in the frontend.

Nginx Configuration Settings

As mentioned before, there are many ways to configure the MAGE_RUN_TYPE and MAGE_RUN_CODE environment variables. But setting environment variables using web servers would be the best way as it doesn’t involve any core code edits.
Since I am using MEMP Stack, I will be sharing on how to configure Nginx for a multi-website/store environment.

Case 1: One Website, Multiple Store Views

For example, we have

  • (store code: mystore_en)
  • (store code: mystore_de)
  • (store code: mystore_es)

Step 1.
Edit your Nginx virtual host configuration file as

File: Usually located under /etc/nginx/sites-available/ or /usr/local/etc/nginx/sites-available/ or other depending upon the OS type.

map $http_host $MAGE_RUN_CODE { mystore_en; mystore_de; mystore_es;
server {
    listen 80;
    set $MAGE_ROOT /path/to/your/magento2;
    set $MAGE_MODE default;
    include /path/to/your/magento2/nginx.conf.sample;

Here you can see how the Nginx map block is used to set MAGE_RUN_CODE as per host. And the server_name directive includes all the available domains.

Step 2.
Send MAGE_RUN_CODE and MAGE_RUN_TYPE variables to the php-fpm server
File: include path from above, example: path/to/your/magento2/nginx.conf.sample

# PHP entry point for main application
location ~ (index|get|static|report|404|503)\.php$ {
    try_files $uri =404;
    fastcgi_pass   fastcgi_backend;
    fastcgi_buffers 1024 4k;

    fastcgi_param  PHP_FLAG  "session.auto_start=off \n suhosin.session.cryptua=off";
    fastcgi_param  PHP_VALUE "memory_limit=768M \n max_execution_time=600";
    fastcgi_read_timeout 600s;
    fastcgi_connect_timeout 600s;
    #add here - start
    fastcgi_param  MAGE_RUN_TYPE store;
    fastcgi_param  MAGE_RUN_CODE $MAGE_RUN_CODE;

    fastcgi_index  index.php;
    fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
    include        fastcgi_params;

Here Nginx fastcgi_param‘s MAGE_RUN_TYPE & MAGE_RUN_CODE will create the enviroment varilables for PHP so that the script can access the values via


Case 2: Multiple Website, Multiple Store views

For example, we have

  • (website code: mystore1)
    • (store code: mystore1_en)
    • (store code: mystore1_de)
    • (store code: mystore1_es)
  • (website code: mystore2)
    • (store code: mystore2_en)
    • (store code: mystore2_de)
    • (store code: mystore2_es)

In order to configure for this case, you can use similar settings as for Case 1. The only difference will be the store code values for Nginx map block and domain names for the server_name directive.


If you are unsure about which value(website or store) should you use for MAGE_RUN_TYPE, go for the store value and use the corresponding store code for MAGE_RUN_CODE

I hope this helps you in configuring the Nginx for multi-store/website. In case of any issues with the multi-store setup, please do comment below.